Human Body Systems

Reproductive System

MCAT Anatomy > Human Body Systems > Reproductive System


The human reproductive systems is the biological process that is essential for reproduction, passing on genes and creating new offspring. Reproduction is fundamental to all living organisms and exists as sexual in higher organisms and asexual in lower organisms, such as prokaryotic cells.

Sexual reproduction involves the gamete cells produced from the process of meiosis. These are called the egg and sperm cells in humans. Each of them contains half of the genetic material of the parent, and when they form they create a unique cell called a zygote that ends up developing into a full grown human. Click here to learn about the growth and development of human beings.

Female Reproductive System

See Female Reproductive System


See Oogenesis

Male Reproductive System

See Male Reproductive System


See Spermatogenesis

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